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作者：兰杉同学 提交日期：2008-1-25 6:39:00 | 分类: | 访问量：8249
A stringed instrument played with a bow, having four strings tuned at intervals of a fifth, an unfretted fingerboard, and a shallower body than the viol and capable of great flexibility in range, tone, and dynamics.
stringed instrument of the violin family, slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower, and having a deeper, more sonorous tone.
A four-stringed instrument of the violin family, pitched lower than the viola but higher than the double bass.
Double bass 低音提琴或大贝司
The largest bowed stringed instrument in the modern orchestra, also used frequently in jazz ensembles, especially played pizzicato.
The double bass, usually considered a member of the violin family, is tuned in fourths and has the sloping shoulders and flat back characteristic of the viols. It has a deep range beginning about three octaves below middle C.
A high-pitched woodwind instrument consisting of a slender tube closed at one end with keys and finger holes on the side and an opening near the closed end across which the breath is blown.
Also called: transverse flute
A small flute pitched an octave above a regular flute.
A woodwind instrument having a straight, cylindrical tube with a flaring bell and a single-reed mouthpiece, played by means of finger holes and keys.
A slender woodwind instrument with a conical bore and a double reed mouthpiece, having a range of three octaves and a penetrating, poignant sound.
English horn 英国管
A double-reed woodwind instrument similar to but larger than the oboe and pitched lower by a fifth.
A low-pitched woodwind instrument with a double reed, having a long wooden body attached to a U-shaped lateral tube that leads to the mouthpiece. The range of this instrument is typically two octaves lower than that of the oboe.
double bassoon 低音大管
The largest and lowest pitched of the double-reed wind instruments, sounding an octave below the bassoon.
Also called: contrabasson
horn或French horn 圆号或法国圆号
A valved brass wind instrument that produces a mellow tone from a long, narrow tube that is coiled in a circle before ending in a flaring bell.
A soprano brass wind instrument consisting of a long metal tube looped once and ending in a flared bell, the modern type being equipped with three valves for producing variations in pitch.
A wind instrument of the trumpet class, having three valves operated by pistons.
A brass instrument consisting of a long cylindrical tube bent upon itself twice, ending in a bell-shaped mouth, and having a movable U-shaped slide for producing different pitches.
A large, valved, brass wind instrument with a bass pitch.
kettle drums或timpani 定音鼓
A percussion instrument with a series of metal bars tuned to the chromatic scale and played with two light hammers.
A percussion instrument consisting of a mounted row of wooden bars graduated in length to sound a chromatic scale
bass drum 大鼓
A large drum having a cylindrical body and two heads and producing a low, resonant sound.
side drum 小鼓
An instrument consisting of a small drumhead with jingling disks that are fitted into the rim. It is shaken with one hand and struck with the other.
An instrument consisting of an upright, open triangular frame with usually 46 strings of graded lengths played by plucking with the fingers.
An instrument with a manual keyboard actuating hammers that strike wire strings, producing sounds
that may be softened or sustained by means of pedals.
Also called: pianoforte
An instrument having a large, flat-backed sound box similar in shape to a violin, a long fretted neck, and usually six strings, played by strumming or plucking.
An instrument with a usually pear-shaped body and a fretted neck over which several pairs of strings are stretched.
A stringed instrument having a body shaped like a pear sliced lengthwise and a neck with a fretted
fingerboard that is usually bent just below the tuning pegs.
An instrument consisting of a number of pipes that sound tones when supplied with air and a keyboard that operates a mechanism controlling the flow of air to the pipes.