现代中国思想史



现代中国思想史
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李强:欧洲政治思想史教学大纲
作者:张洪彬 提交日期:2009-7-30 19:36:00 正常 | 分类: | 访问量:14146
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北京大学政治学系李强:欧洲政治思想史教学大纲
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欧洲政治思想史http://www.pku.edu.cn/academic/euc/activity/10.htm 
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
教学大纲


北京大学政治学系 李强



教学目的:

本课程简要但系统地勾勒从古希腊到当代欧洲政治思想的发展历史,剖析欧洲主要政治理
论的起源与嬗变,介绍在西方历史发展中有重大影响的思想家的著作与理论。


教学对象:

本课程作为北京大学核心通选课向所有本科生开放,但特别鼓励政治、经济、历史、社会
、哲学等专业方向的学生选修。选修本课的学生应具备相当的欧洲历史知识,具备一定的
哲学、政治学、社会学理论知识,具备较好的外语阅读能力。


教学手段:

本课采取课堂教学、课外阅读与讨论辅导相结合的教学方法。除一般教学参考书外,每讲
将指定若干重要原著,引导学生阅读,并以小组方式组织学生讨论。教师与助教参加小组
讨论。


课程架构:


第一讲:导论

1. 研究思想的三种主要方法:

1)专门学科史:哲学史、文学史、政治思想史等。

2)观念史,Arthur O. Lovejoy

3)思想史(Intellectual History)

本课程将结合三种方法,以思想史的叙事方式为主线,强调观念的社会与知识环境;以专
门学科史为基本内容,集中探讨社会政治理论的发展、沿革;以观念史的方法为参考,探
索主要政治社会观念的历史沿革。

2. 欧洲政治思想史的分期及各阶段主要特征

3. 欧洲政治思想史在社会科学知识体系中的地位

参考文献:

乔治·萨拜因,《政治学说史》 (上、下),商务印书馆,1990。

列奥·斯特劳斯,《政治哲学史》(上、下),河北人民出版社,1993。

李强,《自由主义》,社会科学出版社,1998。

萨尔沃·马斯泰罗内,《欧洲民主史》,社会科学文献出版社,1994

Arthur Lovejoy, The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of An Idea, N
ew York: Happer & Row Publishers, 1965.

Essays in the history of ideas O. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore.

Franklin Le Van Baumer, Main Currents of Western Thought, fourth edition, New
Haven: Yale University Press, 1978.

J. S. McClelland, A History of Western Political Thought, London: Routledge, 1
996

The History of ideas : canon and variations ,edited by Donald R. KelleyRoches
ter, N.Y:University of Rochester Press, 1990.

Stephen D. Hudson,Human character and morality : reflections from the history
of ideas Boston : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986

Philosophy in history : essays on the historiography of philosophy, edited by
Richard Rorty, J.B. Schneewind, and Quentin Skinner. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire
] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Friedrich Heer, The intellectual history of Europe , translation by Jonathan S
teinberg Cleveland : World Pub. Co., 1966

Pierre Manent, An intellectual history of liberalism, translated by Rebecca Ba
linski , N.J. : Princeton University Press,1994

The origins and growth of criminology : essays on intellectual history, 1760-1
945 , edited by Piers Beirne USA : Dartmouth, 1994.  

第二讲:古希腊时期的社会政治思想

1. 希腊城邦制的理想与实践

2. 柏拉图的政治思想

3. 亚里士多德的政治思想

4. 古希腊自然法理论的渊源与发展

参考文献:

柏拉图,《理想国》,商务印书馆,1995。

亚里士多德,《政治学》,商务印书馆,1981

G. Glotz,The Greek city and its institutions , translated by N. Mallinson,
London : Routledge, 1996

The Cambridge history of Greek and Roman political thought , edited by Christ
opher Rowe and Malcolm Schofield,New York : Cambridge University Press, 2000.


Alexander Nehamas,The art of living : Socratic reflections from Plato to Fouc
ault ,Berkeley : University of California Press, 1998

Ernest Barker,Greek political theory : Plato and his predecessors,/ London :
Methuen, 1925.

David Grene,Greek political theory : the image of man in Thucydides and Plato
, Chicago : The University of Chicago, 1965

John Evan Seery,Political returns : irony in politics and theory, from Plato
to the antinuclear movement, Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press, 1990

Action and contemplation : studies in the moral and political thought of Arist
otle, Robert C. Bartlett, Susan D. Collins, editors ;Albany : State Universi
ty of New York Press, 1999

The Politics, and the Constitution of Athens / Aristotle ; edited by Stephen E
verson Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1996

On man in the universe : Metaphysics, Parts of animals, Ethics, Politics, Poet
ics / Aristotle ; edited with introduction by Louise Ropes Loomis New York : P
ublished for the Classics club by W. L. Black, 1943

Aristotle,The politics , translated with an introduction notes and appendixe
s by Ernest Barker , New York : Oxford University Press, 1962

Plato,The laws , translated with notes and an interpretive essay by Thomas L
. Pangle, New York : Basic Books, 1980

Plato ,The Republic , translated and edited by Raymond Larson ; with an intr
oduction by Eva T. H. Braun , H. Davidson, [1986], 1979.



第三讲:古罗马时期的社会政治思想

1. 共和国的理想与西塞罗的政治理念

2. 罗马法

3. 从自然法到基督教

参考文献:

Marcus Tullius Cicero, On the commonwealth , translated, Indianapolis, Ind. :
the Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1976

On duties edited by M.T. Griffin and E.M. Atkins. Cambridge [England] : Cambri
dge University Press, 1991

Selected political speeches of Cicero, translated with an introduction by Mich
ael Grant Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1989(1969).

Barry Nicholas, An introduction to Roman law,. Oxford : Clarendon Pr., 1962

E. Cathcart, The history of the Roman law during the Middle Ages : translated
from the original German of Carl von Savigny , Vol. 1. Westport, Conn. : Hyper
ion Press, 1979

Peter Stein, Roman law in European history , New York : Cambridge University P
ress, 1999.  


第四讲:中世纪社会政治思想

1. 基督教哲学与自然法的理念

2. 封建制度与宪政、代议制的萌芽

3. 中世纪政治理念的演变:奥古斯丁、阿奎那、中世纪晚期民主思想的萌芽

参考文献:

The Cambridge history of medieval political thought c. 350-c. 1450 , edited b
y J.H. Burns New York : Cambridge University Press, 1988

Arthur P. Monahan,From personal duties towards personal rights : late medieva
l and early modern political thought, 1300-1600 , Montreal : McGill-Queen\'s,
1994

Alexander Passerin d\'Entr,The medieval contribution to political thought : T
homas Aquinas Marsilius of Padua Richard Hooker , London : Oxford University
Press, 1939

Medieval political theory : a reader : the quest for the body politic, 1100-14
00, edited by Cary J. Nederman and Kate Langdon Forhan , New York : Routledg
e, 1993.  


第五讲:现代社会政治理论的兴起

1. 文艺复兴与人文主义

2. 宗教改革与现代个人主义的兴起

3. 霍布斯、洛克与近代自由主义的早期形式

参考文献:

霍布斯,《利维坦》,商务印书馆,1985。

洛克,《政府论》(下),商务印书馆,1983

Stan Knight,Historical scripts : from classical times to the Renaissance , N
ew Castle, Del. : Oak Knoll Press, 1998

Orders and hierarchies in late Medieval and Renaissance Europe, edited by Jef
frey Denton;Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan Press, 1999

Anthony Pagden,European encounters with the New World : from Renaissance to R
omanticism , New Haven : Yale University Press, 1993

Stephen Strehle,The Catholic roots of the Protestant Gospel : encounter betwe
en the Middle Ages and the Reformation, Leiden ; New York : E.J. Brill, 1995


Individuation in scholasticism : the later Middle Ages and the counter-reforma
tion (1150-1650), edited by Jorge J.E., Gracia Albany : State University of
New York Press, 1994

Ramon M. Lemos ,Hobbes and Locke : power and consent , Athens : University o
f Georgia Press, 1978

Thomas Hobbes,Leviathan, or, The matter, forme and power of a commonwealth, e
cclesiasticall and civil , edited by Michael Oakeshott ,New York : Collier B
ooks, 1962

The English works of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury / now first collected and edi
ted by Sir William Molesworth, Bart Aalen, Germany : Scientia Verlag, 1966

John Locke,Two treatises of government, a critical edition with an introduct
ion and apparatus criticus by Peter Laslett New York : New American Library, 1
965,1960.  


第六讲:启蒙运动时期的社会政治思想

1. 启蒙运动与理性主义

2. 伏尔泰、卢梭的社会政治理念

3. 启蒙运动与法国大革命

参考文献:

卢梭,《社会契约论》,商务印书馆,1982

The age of enlightenment; the 18th century philosophers, Berlin, Isaiah, Sir,
ed. [New York] New American Library [1956]

Frederick C. Beiser,Enlightenment, revolution, and romanticism : the genesis
of modern German political thought, 1790-1800 , Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard Un
iversity Press, 1992.

Andrzej Walicki,The Enlightenment and the birth of modern nationhood : Polish
political thought from Noble Republicanism to Tadeusz Kosciuszko , translate
d by Emma Harris,

Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, 1989.

Eric Voegelin,From Enlightenment to Revolution , edited by John H. Hallowell
;Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 1975

Jean-Jacques Rousseau,The social contract : or, Principles of political right
, translated with an historical and critical introduction and notes by Henry
J. Tozer , London : George Allen & Unwin, 1924

Ruth W. Grant,Hypocrisy and integrity : Machiavelli, Rousseau, and the ethics
of politics,

Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1997



第七讲:自由主义时代

1. 苏格兰启蒙运动:休谟、斯密与佛格森

2. 功利主义自由主义:边沁与密尔

3. 法国自由主义:孟德斯鸠、贡斯当与托克维尔

4. 德国的国家主义、民族主义与自由主义:康德、黑格尔与费希特

参考文献:

黑格尔,《法哲学原理》,商务印书馆,1979。

约翰·密尔,《论自由》,商务印书馆,1982

David Hume,Political essays , edited by Knud Haakonssen, Cambridge [England
] ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1994

Jeremy Bentham,A fragment on government ,Cambridge [England] ; New York : Ca
mbridge University Press, 1988, 1977

An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation ,edited by J.H. B
urns and H.L.A. Hart , London ; New York : Methuen, [1982] 1970

Adam Smith,An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations ,
Methuen & Co., 1930.

The theory of moral sentiments , edited by D. D. Raphael and A. L. Macfie ,N
ew York : Oxford University Press, 1976.

John Stuart Mill,Prefaces to liberty : selected writings of John Stuart Mill
/,edited by Bernard Wishy,Beacon Hill, Boston : Beacon Press, 1959

Benjamin Constant ,Political writings , translated and edited by Biancamaria
Fontana. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : Cambridge University Press, 1988

Immanuel Kant,The fundamental principles of the metaphysic of ethics /, tran
slated with an introduction by Otto Manthey-Zorn. New York : Appleton-Century-
Crofts, 1966

Kant\'s political writings , Edited with an introd. and notes by Hans Reiss.
Translated by H. B. Nisbet, Cambridge [Eng.] : University Press, 1977, 1970.


G.W.F. Hegel ,Political writings , edited by Laurence Dickey and H.B. Nisbet
; translated by H.B. Nisbet , Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Pr
ess, 1999

Elements of the philosophy of right,; edited by Allen W. Wood ; translated by
H.B. Nisbet , New York : Cambridge University Press, 1991.


第八讲:达尔文主义、实证主义与社会学的兴起

1. 社会达尔文主义与社会进化论:达尔文与斯宾塞

2. 孔德与实证主义

3. 青年黑格尔主义

参考文献:

John Stuart Mill,Auguste, Comte and positivism , Bristol : Thoemmes Press, 1
993

Gillis J. Harp,Positivist republic : Auguste Comte and the reconstruction of
American liberalism, 1865-1920 , University Park, Pa. : Pennsylvania State Un
iversity Press, 1995

Francis Abraham & John H. Morgan ,Sociological thought : from Comte to Soroki
n ; Marx, Spencer, Pareto, Durkheim, Simmel, Weber, Mannheim , Bristol IN, U.
S.A. : Wyndham Hall Press, 1989.



作者:山地 2005-1-8 8:48:17)


第九讲:焦虑的时代(一):十九世纪与二十世纪之交的社会政治思想

1. 对现代性的批判:尼采

2. 对古典自由主义的批判:社会主义

3. 对古典自由主义的批判:新自由主义

参考文献:

Susan Gal and Gail Kligman,The politics of gender after socialism : a compara
tive-historical essay , Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2000.

Claire Goldberg Moses and Leslie Wahl Rabine,Feminism, socialism, and French
romanticism , Bloomington : Indiana University Press,1993

Mark Warren,Nietzsche and political thought , Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press,
1988

Understanding the political spirit : philosophical investigations from Socrate
s to Nietzsche , edited by Catherine H. Zuckert. New Haven : Yale University
Press, 1988  


第十讲:焦虑的时代(二):两次世界大战之间的社会政治理论

1. 欧洲大陆社会政治理论的黄金时期:韦伯、涂尔干与帕累托

2. 极权主义:理论与实践

3. 自由主义的批评者:卡尔·斯密特

参考文献:

马克斯·韦伯,《学术与政治》,三联书店,1998。

John Patrick Diggins,Max Weber : politics and the spirit of tragedy , New Yo
rk, NY : Basic Books, 1996

Max Weber, rationality and modernity , edited by Scott Lash, Sam Whimster ;L
ondon ; Boston : Allen & Unwin, 1987

Stephen P. Turner, Regis A. Factor ,Max Weber and the dispute over reason and
value : a study in philosophy, ethics, and politics ,London ; Boston : Routl
edge & Kegan Paul, 1984

Max Weber ,The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism , translated by
Talcott Parsons ; with a forward by R.H. Tawney. Beijing, China Social Scienc
es Pub. House, 1999.

Max Weber : selections in translation ,edited by W. G. Runciman ; translated b
y E. Matthews Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1978

Between totalitarianism and pluralism ,edited with an introduction by Alexande
r Dallin , New York : Garland Pub., 1992.

Hannah Arendt, The origins of totalitarianism , San Diego : Harcourt Brace Jov
anovich, 1979

Jay Taylor , The rise and fall of totalitarianism in the twentieth century , N
ew York, N.Y. : Paragon House, 1993

George Schwab, The challenge of the exception : an introduction to the politic
al ideas of Carl Schmitt between 1921 and 1936 , New York : Greenwood Press, 1
989 Carl Schmitt , Roman Catholicism and political form ,translated and annota
ted by G.L. Ulmen, Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1996

The Concept of Political, translated by George Schwab, New Brunswick: Rutgers
University Press, 1976


第十一讲:战后欧洲政治思想(一):意识形态的冲突与融合

1. 欧洲社会主义的理论与实践

2. 自由主义的复兴:哈耶克、波普

3. 保守主义革命

4. 寻求第三条道路?

参考文献:

哈耶克,《自由秩序原理》,三联书店,1997

Chandran Kukathas,Hayek and modern liberalism , Oxford [England] : Clarendon
Press, 1989

Hayek, co-ordination and evolution : his legacy in philosophy, politics, econo
mics, and the history of ideas ,edited by Jack Birner and Rudy van Zijp, Lon
don : Routledge, 1994

Petsoulas, C,Hayek\'s liberalism and its origins: Hayek, \'Spontaneous Order\
' and the scottish enlightenment London : Routledge, 2000

Lorenzo Infantino ,Individualism in modern thought : from Adam Smith to Hayek
London ; New York : Routledge, 1998

Joao Carlos Espada,Social citizenship rights : a critique of F.A. Hayek and R
aymond Plant New York, N.Y. : St. Martin\'s Press, 1996.

Between reform, reaction, and resistance : studies in the history of German co
nservatism from 1789 to 1945 , edited by Larry Eugene Jones and James Retalla
ck, Providence : Berg, 1993

Ann Bousfield ,The relationship between liberalism and conservatism : parasit
ic, competitive or symbolic? Brookfield, Vt. : Ashgate, 1999.  


第十二讲:战后欧洲政治思想(二):从民族国家到欧洲一体化

1.欧洲一体化理论的起源与发展

2.民族国家、欧洲联盟与全球化

参考文献:

Global culture : nationalism, globalization, and modernity : a Theory, culture
& society special issue ,edited by Mike Featherstone, London : Sage Publica
tions, 1990

Jan Aart Scholte ,Globalization : a critical introduction , Macmillan, 2000


E. Fuat Keyman,Globalization, state, identity/difference : toward a critical
social theory of international relations , Atlantic Highlands, N.J. : Humanit
ies Press, 1997

Globalization and governance ,edited by Aseem Prakash and Jeffrey A. Hart ,
London ; New York : Routledge, 2000 The European Union: Readings on the Theory
and Practice of European Integration,B. Nelson & ACG Stubb (eds), MacMillan,
1998.



第十三讲:欧洲政治思想对现代政治的贡献

1.法治与宪政

2.个人权利:从自然法、自然权利到个人权利

3.民主的理论与实践

4.民族国家、联邦制与普世主义(universalism)

参考文献:

John E. Finn,Constitutions in crisis : political violence and the rule of law
, New York : Oxford University Press, 1991

A.E. Dick Howard ,Democracy\'s dawn : a directory of American initiatives on
constitutionalism, democracy, and the rule of law in Central and Eastern Europ
e , University Press of Virginia for the United States Institute of Peace, 19
91

Ian Harden and Norman Lewis,The noble lie : the British Constitution and the
rule of law , London : Hutchinson, 1986

Sabine Michalowski and Lorna Woods ,German constitutional law : the protectio
n of civil liberties , Brookfield, Vt. : Ashgate/Dartmouth, 1999.

Constitutional law and economics of the European Union /,edited by Dieter Sch
midtchen, Robert Cooter ; Cheltenham, UK ; Lyme, US : E. Elgar, 1997

Otto Gierke,Natural law and the theory of society 1500 to 1800 /, with a lec
ture to the ideas of natural law and humanity by Ernst Troeltsch ; translated
with an introduction by Ernest Barker, Cambridge : The University Press, 1934


Norberto Bobbio, Thomas Hobbes and the natural law tradition , translated by D
aniela Gobetti , Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1993

Yves R. Simon, The tradition of natural law : a philosopher\'s reflections , N
ew York : Fordham University Press, 1992

William H. Riker, Liberalism against populism : a confrontation between the th
eory of democracy and the theory of social choice ,Prospect Heights, Ill. : Wa
veland Press, 1988, 1982.

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick, The age of federalism , Elkins, Stanley M.
New York : Oxford University Press, 1993

Federalism : a nation of states : major historical interpretations, edited wit
h an introduction by Kermit L. Hall. New York : Garland Pub., 1987

Steven V. Hicks Amsterdam, International law and the possibility of a just wor
ld order : an essay on Hegel\'s universalism , Atlanta, GA : Rodopi, 1999

Universalism vs. communitarianism : contemporary debates in ethics , edited by
David Rasmussen, Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1990


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